eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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1/2019
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Original paper

A comparative analysis of self-treatment in a population of medical students in 2012 and 2017

Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Agnieszka Kułak-Bejda, Piotr Kułak, Grzegorz Bejda, Mateusz Cybulski, Andrzej Guzowski, Cecylia Łukaszuk, Jolanta Lewko, Joanna Fiłon, Anna Pilecka, Wojciech Kułak

Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2019; 21(1): 35–40
Online publish date: 2019/03/22
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Background
The use of over-the-counter (OT C) medications without consulting a doctor has become increasingly common.

Objectives
To compare the scale of self-treatment in a population of students of the Medical University of Bialystok in 2012 and 2017.

Material and methods
The study included 217 students in 2012 and 220 students in 2017, and used a proprietary questionnaire.

Results
A total of 78.8% of students in 2012 and 86.4% in 2017 were familiar with the meaning of the abbreviation OT C. When using an OT C drug for the first time, most students consulted a nurse (66.4%) in 2012, while in 2017, students usually consulted a family member (68.8%). Headache was the main reason for using OT C drugs (89.4% in 2012, and 92.7% in 2017). The use of analgesics (87.1%) and the use of OT C medicines in accordance with the leaflet (47%) predominated in 2012, while vitamin therapy (83.2%) took first place in 2017. When purchasing OT C medications, students usually based their decision on their own experience (63.1% in 2012 and 84.1% in 2017). A total of 35.5% of the students in 2012 and 39.1% in 2017 always read the leaflet.

Conclusions
Self-medication was practiced by most students in both years, with lack of time for a medical appointment being the main reason. Over the last 6 months, the students most often used prescription and non-prescription drugs simultaneously.

keywords:

students, self medication, health

 
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