eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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vol. 18
General surgery
Original paper

A comparison of the therapeutic outcomes between primary duct closure and T-tube drainage after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: a single-centre retrospective study

Lin Zhuang
1, 2
Yuanjiu Li
Li Zhang
Xuezhong Xu
Dong Lin Sun
Dong Xi
Yun Jie Lu

First People’s Hospital of Changzhou, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China
Department of General Surgery, Wujin Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University and The Wujin Clinical College of Xuzhou Medical University, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China
Videosurgery Miniinv 2023; 18 (1): 108–116
Online publish date: 2022/10/26
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In emergency surgery for acute obstruction of the common bile duct (CBD), primary duct closure (PC) of the CBD after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) remains challenging. Aim: To explore the safety and effectiveness of this surgical method after LCBDE in patients with acute choledocholithiasis and discuss the feasibility of PC in the CBD.

Material and methods
This retrospective study on surgical efficacy and safety involved 232 patients treated at The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between January 2015 and December 2019. These patients underwent LC + LCBDE for acute choledocholithiasis and were categorized into PC and T-tube drainage (TD) groups based on the method of closure of the CBD. The basic preoperative information, intraoperative situation, postoperative situation, and complications were analysed and compared between groups.

The baseline characteristics and preoperative information of patients between the 2 groups were balanced. Patients in the PC group had a shorter operation time (p < 0.001) and CBD suturing time (p < 0.001) than those in the TD group. In addition, compared with the TD group in postoperative situations, gastrointestinal recovery (p = 0.002), drainage removal (p < 0.001), and the length of postoperative hospital stay (p = 0.004) were markedly decreased in the PC group. In terms of intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.961), use of pipe washing (49.0 vs. 54.6%, p = 0.397), use of stone basket (50.0 vs. 42.3%, p = 0.243), use of electrohydraulic lithotripsy (1.0 vs. 3.1%, p = 0.525), postoperative liver function, and complications there was no significant difference between the PC and TD groups. No intraoperative transfusion and postoperative mortality occurred in either group. During 6 months of follow-up, only 1 patient showed biliary stricture in the PC group, and 2 and 4 patients in the PC and TD groups, respectively, showed residual stones.

PC after LCBDE in acute choledocholithiasis patients displays better therapeutic outcomes than TD in some intraoperative and postoperative situations. PC of the CBD after LCBDE is a safe and effective therapeutic option in acute choledocholithiasis patients.


acute choledocholithiasis, laparoscope, primary closure, T-tube drainage

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