ISSN: 2451-0629
Archives of Medical Science - Atherosclerotic Diseases
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Official journal of the International Lipid Expert Panel (ILEP)
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1/2021
vol. 6
 
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abstract:
Review paper

A comprehensive review and update on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): what do we know now in 2021?

Kamleshun Ramphul
1
,
Yogeshwaree Ramphul
2
,
Yun Park
3
,
Petras Lohana
4
,
Balkiranjit Kaur Dhillon
5
,
Shaheen Sombans
6

1.
Department of Pediatrics, Shanghai Xin Hua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
2.
Department of Medicine, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam National Hospital, Pamplemousses, Mauritius
3.
Department of Orthodontics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
4.
Department of Medicine, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Hospital Jamshoro, Pakistan
5.
Department of Medicine, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Punjab Medical, India
6.
Department of Medicine, Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical College and Hospital, Pune, India
Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2021; 6: e5–e13
Online publish date: 2021/04/06
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It has been more than a year since the new virus called severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified in Wuhan, China. The disease it causes was named Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and on 11 March 2020 it was declared a pandemic. As the virus continues to spread, the number of patients worldwide has already crossed the 100 million mark with more than 2 million deaths. We sought to provide an update on the progress made in identifying the virus, its pathophysiology, risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and smoking, as well as various methods of treatment. Our review also provided an overview of the different vaccines.
keywords:

severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2, Coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19, pandemic

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