eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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vol. 10
Original paper

A new option for endovascular treatment of leg ulcers caused by venous insufficiency with fluoroscopically guided sclerotherapy

Jerzy Garcarek
Aleksander Falkowski
Zbigniew Rybak
Tomasz Jargiello
Marek Łokaj
Norbert Czapla
Magdalena Sroczyk-Jaszczyńska

Videosurgery Miniinv 2015; 10 (3): 423–429
Online publish date: 2015/09/14
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Introduction: Ulcers of lower legs are the most bothersome complication of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).

Aim: To assess the effectiveness of endovascular fluoroscopically guided sclerotherapy for the treatment of venous ulcers.

Material and methods: Thirty-eight limbs in 35 patients with crural venous ulcers were treated with guided sclerotherapy under the control of fluoroscopy. Patients with non-healing ulcers in the course of chronic venous insufficiency, with and without features of past deep vein thrombosis, were qualified for the study. Doppler ultrasound and dynamic venography with mapping of venous flow were performed. Ambulatory venous pressure measurements, leg circumference and varicography were performed just before and following the procedure.

Results: In 84% of cases, ulcers were treated successfully and healed. Patients with post-thrombotic syndrome (n = 17) healed in 13 (76.5%) cases, whereas patients without post-thrombotic syndrome (n = 21) healed in 19 (90.5%) cases. The mean time of healing of an ulcer for all patients was 83 days (in the first group it was 121 days and in the second group 67 days). Recurrence of an ulcer was observed in 10 limbs: 6 cases in the first group and 4 cases in the second group. Occurrence of deep vein thrombosis associated with the procedure was not observed. Temporary complications were reported but none giving a serious clinical outcome.

Conclusions: Endovascular fluoroscopically guided sclerotherapy can be an alternative method of treatment of venous ulcers, especially in situations when surgical procedures or other options of treatment are impossible.

venous ulcer, endovascular treatment, sclerotherapy

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