ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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vol. 31
Review paper

A new perspective on the role of the occupational therapist in the home rehabilitation of people with physical disabilities

Bożena Ostrowska
Paweł Kozłowski
Dominika Zawadzka

Faculty of Physiotherapy, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland
Physiother Quart. 2023;31(3):30–35
Online publish date: 2023/06/22
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Research shows that housing and health are inextricably linked. People with mobility impairments, whether in wheelchairs or on crutches, face a variety of impediments to urban infrastructure on a daily basis, both within their own home and in their immediate surroundings. The research shows, that disability may be decreased by adapting the environment. The home modifications improve functioning and decrease dependence, impact on general sensation, participation, and higher self-assessment of health. Housing adaptations were identified as one of the ten most promising “preventive interventions” for older people with physical disabilities. Adapting a home to the needs of people with mobility impairments requires an individual approach and comprehensive approach. Interdisciplinary cooperation among specialists from various scientific fields: technical, medical, and social – significantly increases the effectiveness projects. Occupational therapists play a key role in helping patients and their families to plan a safe, functional and comfortable home environment, supporting home healthcare services. Occupational therapists better understand the physical, social, emotional, sensory and cognitive aspects of the person and the relationship between the person, environment and occupation. The aim of the publication was to show the importance of adapting the apartment to the needs of a person with a disability as an important element of supporting the rehabilitation process in the living environment. Particular attention was paid to the role of the occupational therapist as an expert who understands the relationship between the person, the environment and the occupation.

ergonomics, client-centred, home adaptations, occupational therapy, people with disabilities

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