eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
6/2021
vol. 38
 
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abstract:
Original paper

A pilot investigation into the influence of electronic cigarettes on oral bacteria

Dominika Cichońska
1
,
Aida Kusiak
1
,
Lidia Piechowicz
2
,
Dariusz Świetlik
3

1.
Department of Periodontology and Oral Mucosa Diseases, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
2.
Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
3.
Department of IT and Biostatistics, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2021; XXXVIII (6): 1092-1098
Online publish date: 2022/01/07
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Introduction
Electronic cigarettes have already become a popular alternative to traditional smoking.

Aim
To observe if there were any changes in oral bacteria of electronic cigarette users.

Material and methods
The study population included 125 patients (40 – e-cigarette users, 43 – cigarette smokers, 42 – non-smokers). The conducted microbiological tests were aimed at identification of microorganisms with potential pathological influence on the oral cavity. Distributions of the study variables were compared between groups with c2 test. All calculations were carried out with Statistical 10 software (Stat Soft Inc.; Tulsa, USA) and intergroup differences were considered significant at p ≤ 0.05.

Results
The differences were statistically significant in relation to Gram-negative bacteria in e-cigarette users (27.5%) compared to smokers of traditional cigarettes (4.6%) (p < 0.05). In relation to Gram-positive bacteria, no statistically significant differences were found between these groups. Co-occurrence of commensal bacteria and potentially pathogenic bacteria from the oral cavity among e-cigarette users was higher than in smokers of traditional cigarettes (32.1% vs. 9.2%; p < 0.05).

Conclusions
The use of e-cigarettes caused changes in oral bacteria compared to smokers of traditional cigarettes and non-smokers especially with respect to colonization of potentially pathogenic bacteria. Changes in the oral cavity environment to the disadvantage of commensal flora can affect the course of some pathological processes in the oral cavity.

keywords:

e-smoking, electronic cigarettes, microbiology, oral bacteria

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