eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
6/2019
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Abnormalities of heart rate turbulence and heart rate variability as indicators of increased cardiovascular risk in patients with systemic sclerosis

Adam R. Poliwczak
1
,
Elżbieta Waszczykowska
2
,
Bożena Dziankowska-Bartkowiak
2
,
Katarzyna Dworniak-Pryca
3

1.
Department of Human Physiology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
2.
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
3.
Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Regional Specialized Hospital, Zgierz, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2019; XXXVI (6): 707–713
Online publish date: 2019/02/26
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Introduction
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease manifested by progressive fibrosis of many internal organs including the cardiovascular system and development of autonomic disorders with sympathetic predominance. These abnormalities can increase cardiovascular mortality.

Aim
To evaluate heart rate turbulence (HRT) and variability (HRV) parameters (indicator of autonomic imbalance) obtained from 24-hour ECG Holter monitoring, as predictors of the increased cardiovascular risk in patients with scleroderma.

Material and methods
Thirty-two scleroderma patients and 30 healthy people were included. After clinical examination, ECG, routine laboratory tests and echocardiography, participants performed 24-hour Holter-ECG at home. For HRT assessment, turbulence onset (To) and turbulence slope (Ts) parameters were used. Both time and frequency domain analysis of HRV was used. The HRV circadian rhythm was also evaluated.

Results
Time domain: SDNN, SDNN-ix, SDANN and frequency domain: LF, VLF, ULF, NHF, NLF, parameters were lower, while p50NN was higher in SSc as compared to the control group. There was also a loss of the circadian rhythm for r-MSSD and p50NN present in the control group. Abnormal HRT parameters To and/or Ts occurred in the SSc group only. The median value of To = –1.24% and Ts = 11.13 ms/RR did not differ significantly as compared to the control group.

Conclusions
The study confirmed the presence of HRV disturbances, including HRV circadian rhythm, as it may seem at an early stage of SSc. The HRT disorders may be characterized by the increasing changes with advancing disease. This indicates the presence of autonomic imbalance and an increased cardiovascular risk.

keywords:

systemic sclerosis, autonomic disorders, heart rate variability, heart rate turbulence, cardiovascular risk, circadian rhythm

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