eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
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abstract:
Experimental research

Adiponectin improves diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting necrotic apoptosis

Wei Yi, Qian OuYang

Online publish date: 2018/11/13
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Introduction
This study aimed to investigate the effect of adiponectin (Apn) on necrotic apoptosis (Nec) in vitro and in vivo to clarify the possible role of Apn in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN).

Material and methods
Rat glomerular endothelial (RGE) cells were treated with high glucose (HG, 30 mmol/l) for 24 h and the effects of Apn on cell viability, RIP1 and RIP3 expression and p-p38MAPK activation were assayed by CCK-8, immunofluorescence and western blot. Then a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN rat model was established. The body weight, left kidney weight, left kidney weight/body weight (KW/BW), creatinine clearance rate (Ccr), 24 h urine protein and blood glucose were recorded. The expression of RIP1, RIP3 and p-p38MAPK in renal tissues was examined by immunohistochemistry and western blot.

Results
Treatment of RGE cells with HG induced significant cytotoxicity and increased expression levels of RIP1, RIP3 and p-p38MAPK, which were abrogated by Apn in a concentration-dependent manner. In vivo, compared with the control group, the Ccr, 24 h urine protein and the blood glucose level of the rats in the model group were significantly increased, effects which were abrogated by Apn intervention. Moreover, the expression levels of RIP1, PIP3 and p-p38MAPK were also significantly increased in the model group, effects which were canceled by Apn intervention.

Conclusions
Apn can alleviate the inflammatory response and damage of DN by inhibiting Nec via p-p38MAPK signaling.

keywords:

rat glomerular endothelial cells, diabetic nephropathy, necroptosis, p38MAPK

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