eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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1/2019
vol. 15
 
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abstract:
Clinical research

Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations in childhood-onset schizophrenia with or without obsessive-compulsive symptoms: a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study

Yinghui Liang, Rongrong Shao, Zhiying Zhang, Xinmin Li, Longhao Zhou, Suqin Guo

Arch Med Sci 2019; 15, 1: 126–133
Online publish date: 2018/02/12
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Introduction
Childhood-onset schizophrenia with obsessive-compulsive symptoms (COSO) and without obsessive-compulsive symptoms (COS) share considerable overlap in clinical features and genetic risk factors. However, the extent of brain functional abnormalities in COSO and COS is poorly understood.

Material and methods
A total of 51 first-episode childhood schizophrenic patients and 30 healthy age- and sex-matched controls were recruited. We used the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale to divide patients into COSO (n = 21) and COS (n = 30) groups. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging images were obtained using a gradient-echo echo-planar imaging sequence. Voxel-based analysis of amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) maps between the two groups was performed.

Results
The COS group showed significantly increased ALFF in the right caudate body, middle temporal gyrus and inferior parietal lobule (p < 0.05), while showing decreased ALFF in the left cerebellum posterior lobe (p < 0.05). The COSO group showed significantly increased ALFF in the left and right frontal lobe, cerebellum posterior lobe and precuneus (p < 0.05). When comparing the two groups, COSO showed significantly higher ALFF in the left cerebellum posterior lobe, frontal lobe, supramarginal gyrus, precuneus, right inferior frontal gyrus and medial frontal gyrus (p < 0.05). Interestingly, significantly lower ALFF was found in the right fusiform gyrus, corpus callosum and inferior parietal lobule in the group of patients with obsessive-compulsive symptoms (p < 0.05).

Conclusions
Our findings increase the understanding of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and may provide imaging evidence for early diagnosis of COSO or COS.

keywords:

amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation, childhood, compulsive, schizophrenia

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