eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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2/2019
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Analysis of circulating soluble programmed death 1 (PD-1), neuropilin 1 (NRP-1) and human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) in psoriatic patients

Joanna Bartosińska, Anna Michalak-Stoma, Małgorzata Kowal, Dorota Raczkiewicz, Dorota Krasowska, Grażyna Chodorowska, Krzysztof Giannopoulos

Adv Dermatol Allergol 2019; XXXVI (2): 167-172
Online publish date: 2018/02/05
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Introduction
Circulating soluble programmed death 1 (PD-1), neuropilin 1 (NRP-1) and human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) take part in modulating immune tolerance causing disturbances in the molecular mechanisms responsible for maintenance of balance between effector and regulatory components of the immune system. Since their cell-surface expression levels were found to be changed in lesional and/or non-lesional skin of psoriatic patients, analysis of soluble PD-1, NRP-1 and HLA-G concentrations sheds more light on their role in detecting unbalanced immune tolerance in psoriasis.

Aim
To assess soluble PD-1, NRP-1 and HLA-G concentrations in psoriasis.

Material and methods
The study included 57 psoriatic patients and 29 controls. Duration of psoriasis was in the range 1 to 55 years; the median was 19 years. The plasma concentrations of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G), soluble NRP-1 (sNRP-1) and soluble PD-1 (sPD-1) were examined using the ELISA method. Severity of the skin lesions was assessed by means of Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI), body surface area (BSA) and Physician Global Assessment (PGA).

Results
Psoriasis Area Severity Index in the studied group was in the range 3 to 43; the median was 12. Body surface area was in the range 2–75%; the median was 15%. The median value of PGA was 3. Soluble NRP concentration was significantly higher in the psoriatic patients (median: 1.59 pg/ml; range: 0.67–2.62 pg/ml) than in the control group (median: 1.35 pg/ml; range: 0.05–2.61 pg/ml) (p = 0.010). Soluble PD-1 and sHLA-G concentrations were not significantly different between the studied and control groups (p = 0.094 and p = 0.482, respectively).

Conclusions
Increased concentrations of sNRP-1 and unchanged values of sHLA-G and sPD-1 concentrations may be indicative of impaired immune tolerance mechanisms in psoriasis.

keywords:

psoriasis, immune tolerance, programmed death 1, neuropilin 1, human leukocyte antigen-G

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