ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Instructions for Reviewers Journal's Reviewers Special information Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2022
vol. 30
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Analysis of racial/ethnic differences in pain perception, quality of life, and self-efficacy among chronic neck pain patients

Sonia Dua Dewan
1
,
Rahul Krishnan Kutty
1
,
Lau Gong Siew
1

1.
Faculty of Health Sciences, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Malaysia
Physiother Quart. 2022;30(3):13–18
Online publish date: 2022/09/26
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
PlumX metrics:
Introduction
Perception of pain can be influenced by biological, cognitive, and psychological factors in chronic pain conditions. Racial/ethnic disparity has been reported in the prevalence, severity, and outcome of pain. The study aim was to compare pain intensity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and self-efficacy in chronic neck pain (CNP) subjects of different ethnic groups.

Methods
Overall, 64 subjects with CNP were recruited and allocated into 3 groups: Malay (21), Chinese (23), and Indian (20). Baseline data were collected with the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). A comparative research design served to compare pain intensity, HRQoL, and self-efficacy in the CNP subjects of the different ethnic groups.

Results
In NRS, the Chinese group reported higher pain intensity in categories of least pain intensity and average pain intensity. PSEQ data on current pain intensity and worst pain intensity showed high ratings of both categories in the Malay and Indian groups. The Indian group exhibited more pain relief seeking behaviour than the Malay group (40.52 ± 9.85). In SF-36, the p-value for mental health was 0.19, which suggests low mental health, i.e., higher catastrophization when dealing with chronic pain.

Conclusions
Significant ethnic differences were reported in the parameters of pain perception, HRQoL, and self-efficacy among the Chinese, Malay, and Indian groups. Pain perception and duration play a minor role in perceived HRQoL, whereas pain perception relates more to the outcome of perceived disability.

keywords:

chronic neck pain, racial/ethnic, pain perception, quality of life, self-efficacy, catastrophizing

Quick links
© 2022 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.