eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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4/2018
vol. 20
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Arterial hypertension as a factor in the choice of conflict resolution strategies by the older persons

Natalia Tikhonova, Nina Demina, Ludmila Klimatckaia, Aleksander Osipov, Mikhail Kudryavtsev, Tatyana Zhavner, Andrei Shpakou

Fam Med Prim Care Rev 2018; 20(4): 368–372
Online publish date: 2018/12/20
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Background
nterpersonal conflicts are one of the causes of depressive syndromes among patients, which contribute to the development of arterial hypertension. Minimizing the risk of conflicts between elderly patients is necessary for providing effective therapy.

Objectives
To identify and analyze the behavioral patterns of elderly people in conflict situations suffering from and not suffering from hypertension.

Material and methods
The number of patients of the gerontological center who took part in the research amounted to 117 females (55+ years of age). The studies of the Thomas–Kilmann Instrument (TKI) conflict assessment methodology were used to identify the characteristics of the behavior of elderly patients in conflict situations.

Results
The largest number of patients was identified as the leading conflict resolution strategy in both groups. We agree that a significant number of those studied could not decide on the leading strategy of behavior in the conflict and use two or more strategies to resolve conflict situations. Patients with hypertension have higher rates of resistance to conflict than those who do not have this disease.

Conclusions
The strategy of adaptation is the leading strategy for resolving conflict situations among elderly people who have and have not been diagnosed with hypertension. This is why it was revealed that elderly people with hypertension have higher levels of resistance to conflict.

keywords:

geriatrics, hypertension, conflict (psychology), aged

 
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