eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2021
vol. 46
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Clinical immunology

Arterial stiffness in children with primary hypertension is related to subclinical inflammation

Piotr Skrzypczyk
1
,
Anna Zacharzewska
2
,
Michał Szyszka
3
,
Anna Ofiara
1
,
Malgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
1

1.
Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
2.
Student Scientific Group at the Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
3.
Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Doctoral School, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Cent J Eur Immunol 2021; 46 (3): 336-343
Online publish date: 2021/10/06
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
The immune system can trigger an inflammatory process leading to blood pressure elevation and arterial damage. The aim of the study was to assess the relation between subclinical inflammation and arterial damage in pediatric patients with primary hypertension (PH) and to establish the usefulness of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte (PLR) ratios, and mean platelet volume (MPV) as markers of arterial damage in these subjects.

Material and methods
In 119 children with PH (14.94 ±2.76 years) and 45 healthy children (14.91 ±2.69 years) we analyzed markers of subclinical inflammation (NLR, PLR, MPV), clinical and biochemical parameters, office blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), central blood pressure, aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), augmentation index corrected for heart rates 75 (AIx75HR), carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), and common carotid artery stiffness (E-tracking).

Results
Children with PH were characterized by significantly higher neutrophil (3.9 ±1.7 vs. 3.0 ±1.0 [1000/µl], p < 0.001) and platelet counts (271.9 ±62.3 vs. 250.3 ±60.3 [1000/µl], p = 0.047), NLR (1.9 ±1.5 vs. 1.3 ±0.4, p = 0.010), PLR (131.4 ±41.9 vs. 114.7 ±37.6, p = 0.020), aPWV (5.36 ±0.88 vs. 4.88 ±0.92 m/s, p = 0.004), and cIMT (0.46 ±0.07 vs. 0.43 ±0.07 mm, p = 0.002) compared to healthy children. In PH children NLR correlated positively (p < 0.05) with: systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure in ABPM (r = 0.243, r = 0.216, r = 0.251), aPWV [m/s] (r = 0.241), aPWV Z-score (r = 0.204), and common carotid artery PWVbeta [m/s] (r = 0.202).

Conclusions
There is a link between arterial stiffness and subclinical inflammation in pediatric patients with primary hypertension. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may serve as a promising marker of arterial stiffness in pediatric patients affected by primary hypertension.

keywords:

children, primary hypertension, arterial stiffness, subclinical inflammation, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, adolescents, pulse wave velocity

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.