eISSN: 2353-5571
ISSN: 2353-4184
Health Psychology Report
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3/2020
vol. 8
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessing the quality of life and depression among patients with heart failure and heart attack

Anna-Maria Giournta
1, 2
,
Victoria Alikari
3
,
Charalampos Platis
4
,
Georgia Oikonomopoulou
5, 6
,
Dimitrios Alefragkis
7
,
Paraskevi Theofilou
2, 8

1.
Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
2.
College for Humanistic Sciences – ICPS, Athens, Greece
3.
Department of Nursing, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
4.
National Centre of Public Administration & Local Government, Athens, Greece
5.
European Association of Hospital Managers (ΕΑΗΜ), Bertrange, Luxemburg
6.
Hellenic Health Services Management Association (HHSMA), Athens, Greece
7.
Errikos Ntynan Hospital Center, Athens, Greece
8.
General Direction of Health Services, Ministry of Health, Athens, Greece
Health Psychology Report, 8(3), 211–218
Online publish date: 2020/06/01
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Background
Health-related quality and of life and depression are major issues among patients with heart diseases. The aim of the current study was to assess the levels of quality of life and depression among patients with heart failure and heart attack as well as the correlation between these domains and the differences in both categories.

Participants and procedure
In this cross-sectional study the following tools were used: a) the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index (MVQoLI-15), which examines 5 domains of quality of life, and b) the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), which measures depression among patients. Finally, a questionnaire about sociodemographic elements was completed by the patients. Data were analyzed through IBM Statistics SPSS 20.0. The statistical level was set at 0.05%.

Results
The mean value of CES-D Total and MVQoLI-15 were higher for the patients suffering from heart failure than those suffering from a heart attack. However, the dimensions of MVQoLI-15 Interpersonal Relationships, Well-Being and Transcendence were lower for heart failure patients compared to the levels of the patients suffering from a heart attack. According to the Pearson r test, there was a statistically significant negative correlation be-tween the quality of life and depression (p = .001) in the overall sample.

Conclusions
Patients with heart failure experience more depression and lower quality of life than heart attack patients.

keywords:

quality of life; depression; heart failure; heart attack

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