eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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4/2017
vol. 55
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessment of hospitalization and mortality of scleroderma in-patients: a thirteen-year study

Saeedeh Shenavandeh
,
Razieh Naseri

Reumatologia 2017; 55, 4: 163-168
Online publish date: 2017/08/31
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Objective: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an uncommon non-hereditary sporadic disease that increases the risk of premature death, especially in diffuse type. We determined the prevalence of SSc in the last 13 years in our rheumatologic hospitals as a referral center for southern Iranian patients, the causes of hospitalization, the average length of stay (LOS), the mortality rate, and the reason for their mortality.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The studied population included all patients diagnosed with systemic sclerosis. We calculated the hospitalization rates, in-hospital mortality rates, and mean LOS.

Results: There were 446 admissions by 181 patients with SSc. The female to male ratio was about 10.7 : 1. The overall mean LOS was 5.95 days. Digital ulcer and interstitial lung disease (ILD) were the most common causes of hospitalizations among the SSc-related events. For those with a non-SSc-related condition, infection was the most prevalent event. Most of the deaths were due to ILD and pulmonary artery hypertension(PAH), and the overall in-hospital mortality rate was 16.5%.

Conclusions: Women with SSc had higher rates of hospitalization but lower in-hospital mortality than men.There were some differences between our study and other similar studies in the causes of hospitalization and in-hospital death among SSc patients, especially the lower age of death. The patients with digital ulcers and those with intestinal lung disease or pulmonary hipertension were most commonly admitted to the hospital in our study group. Probably, increasing the skin care of these patients and asking other specialty groups to cooperate will decrease the high rate of hospitalizations in our population.
keywords:

systemic sclerosis, hospitalization, mortality, length of stay



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