eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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2/2021
vol. 23
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessment of post-traumatic stress disorder in front-line and non-front-line medical staff with COVID-19 patients: a cross-sectional study in Iran

Saeedeh Askari
1
,
Maryam Beheshtinasab
1
,
Saeed Ghanbari
2
,
Hadis Bahmaei
1
,
Hatam Boostani
3
,
Poorandokht Afshari
1
,
Parvin Abedi
4

1.
Reproductive Health Promotion Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2.
Biostatistics Department, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3.
Psychiatry Department, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4.
Midwifery Department, Menopause Andropause Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Fam Med Prim Care Rev 2021; 23(2): 139–143
Online publish date: 2021/07/06
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Introduction
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that can occur after exposure to a traumatic event.

Material and methods
This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 medical staff in two hospitals of Ahvaz. The inclusion criterion was having more than six months of service. Health providers with psychological disorders, a history of crises in the past six months or divorced subjects were excluded from the study. A demographic questionnaire and the PTSD questionnaire were completed by participants. The Independent t-Test, chi-square test and linear regression were used to analyze the data.

Results
The total score of PTSD was 50.08 ± 12.24 and 44.06 ± 11.32 in front-line and non-front-line medical staff, respectively (p < 0.001). 10% and 1% of front-line and non-front-line medical staff had severe PTSD, respectively. Females were 7.47 times more likely to have PTSD compared to males. Medical staff who had a child were 6 times more likely to have PTSD compared with those without a child. Medical staff involved in the care of COVID-19 patients were 5.67 times more likely to have PTSD (p < 0.001). Health providers whose relatives died from COVID-19 were 10.59 times more likely to have PTSD.

Conclusions
The results of this study showed that front-line medical staff are more susceptible to PTSD in comparison to non-frontline medical staff. Health policymakers should pay attention to the psychological health of medical staff in times of crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

keywords:

COVID-19, medical staff, post-traumatic stress disorder

 
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