ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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4/2022
vol. 30
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessment of the sensorimotor integration development in primary school children from Wroclaw, Poland: a prospective observational study

Sara Górna
1
,
Katarzyna Domaszewska
1
,
Anna Maria Choińska
2

1.
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Poznan University of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland
2.
Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Physiother Quart. 2022;30(4):7–13
Online publish date: 2022/06/06
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Introduction
Senses are essential in the development of psychomotor functioning in healthy 7-year-old children who enter school. The aim of the study was to assess the level of sensorimotor integration in children starting school education.

Methods
The study involved 82 children from primary schools. The first examination (T1) was carried out at the beginning of the 2018/2019 school year; the second examination (T2) was performed after a 6-month interval. The level of sensorimotor integration development was measured by the Southern California Sensory Integration Test (SCSIT) in 11 sensory categories.

Results
In 10 out of the 11 SCSIT tests, the children obtained statistically significantly higher mean results after 6 months of education (T2) than at the beginning of the school year (T1) (p < 0.05). The scores achieved at T1 in SCSIT showed that the following risks of sensorimotor integration disorders were found most often: deep sensation disorders (kinaesthesia test) among 13.4% of the children and incorrect processing of superficial feeling (graphesthesia test) among 12.2%.

Conclusions
The beginning of early childhood education is a difficult period for children to adapt to school requirements. With 7-year-old children starting school education, attention should be paid to their potential difficulties related to abnormalities in deep sensation, especially kinaesthesia (orientation in the positioning of the body parts) and graphesthesia (ability to ‘read’ shapes).

keywords:

children, sensory perception, Southern California Sensory Integration Test (SCSIT)

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