ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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1/2020
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Attention and executive function are predicted by anthropometric indicators, strength, motor performance and aerobic fitness in children aged 6 to 10 years

Rafaello Pinheiro Mazzoccante
,
Hugo de Luca Corrêa
,
Frederico Santos de Santana
,
Matheus Almeida Câmara
,
Beatriz Raquel Castro de Sousa
,
Ioranny Raquel Castro de Sousa
,
Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira
,
Gislane Ferreira de Melo

Human Movement 2020 vol. 21 (1), 40-48
Online publish date: 2019/11/12
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Purpose
To predict attention and executive function in children through anthropometric, physical, and motor indicators.

Methods
A cross-sectional study was carried out among 271 children aged 6–10 years. Aerobic fitness was measured by using the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1, adapted for children. Motor performance was assessed with the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder. Attention and executive function were evaluated by the cancellation test and the trail making test, part A and B.

Results
The receiver operating characteristic curve pointed the following executive function predictors, with respective cut-off points: body mass index: 0.69 (0.62–0.76), 18.62 kg/m2; waist circumference: 0.83 (0.77–0.88), 65.53 cm; sum of skinfolds: 0.69 (0.63–0.75), 32.51 mm; percentage of body fat: 0.67 (0.61–0.74), 27.36%; Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1: 0.60 (0.52–0.67), 176 m; motor quotient score: 0.97 (0.95–0.98), 69.50; score of attention: 0.82 (0.77–0.87), 77.75.

Conclusions
Executive function seems to be influenced by the anthropometric and functional components.

keywords:

attention, executive function, anthropometry, motor performance, strength, physical fitness

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