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ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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vol. 8

Basic research
Expression and purification of TAT-fused carbonic anhydrase III and its effect on C2C12 cell apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation

Xiliang Shang
Yuanyuan Bao
Shiyi Chen
Huimin Ren
He Huang
Yunxia Li

Arch Med Sci 2012; 8, 4: 711-718
Online publish date: 2012/09/08
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Introduction: Carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) is remarkably abundant in slow skeletal muscles. It has multiple biological activities which could dissipate or resist some fatigue-related substances. In this study, we purified trans-activating transcriptional activator (TAT) fused CAIII protein and investigated its effect on C2C12 cell apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation.

Material and methods: The CAIII and TAT-CAIII genes were constructed, cloned into plasmid pET28a and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The fusion proteins were purified with a nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid affinity chromatography column and then verified by Western blot and phosphatase activity staining subsequently. The C2C12 cells were treated respectively with serum-free medium containing 1 M TAT-CAIII or 1 M CAIII for 1 h and the intracellular distributions of fusion proteins were observed by indirect immunofluorescence. The effect of TAT-CAIII on C2C12 cell apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation was detected by flow cytometry.

Results: The CAIII and TAT-CAIII fusion proteins were expressed and purified successfully. After being cultured for 1 h, green fluorescence was visible in TAT-CAIII group cells under the fluorescence microscope, while no fluorescence was found in the CAIII group. Compared with the oxygen-glucose deprivation group, the apoptosis rate of C2C12 cells induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation in the TAT-CAIII group decreased significantly (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The purified TAT-CAIII could be transferred into cells efficiently and clearly decreased the apoptosis rate of C2C12 cells induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation, which indicated that it had antioxidative activity. This study lays an experimental basis for future research on the relationship between CAIII and muscle fatigue.

carbonic anhydrase III, expression, purification, protein transduction domain, hypoxia/reoxygenation, apoptosis

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