eISSN: 1731-2531
ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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2/2021
vol. 53
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Blood transfusion decisions cannot be based on percutaneous haemoglobin measurements

Angela Spronk
1
,
Renate de Jong
1
,
Seppe Koopman
2
,
Sanne Hoeks
1
,
Robert Jan Stolker
1

1.
Department of Anesthesiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2.
Department of Anesthesiology, Maasstad Ziekenhuis, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2021; 53, 2: 103–107
Online publish date: 2021/05/05
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Introduction
Percutaneous measurement of haemoglobin (SpHb) has been an emerging technique in the past decades. It has been suggested that SpHb measurement could be used as a trend monitor and as a supportive tool for easier and faster transfusion decision-making. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SpHb monitoring is a useful instrument in transfusion decision-making.

Material and methods
Patients scheduled for surgery with expected blood loss over 800 mL were included in the study. SpHb was measured using a Masimo Rainbow probe. Blood samples were drawn before and after surgery and, if clinically indicated, during surgery. Moreover, perfusion parameters were analysed, as well as transfusion triggers.

Results
Based on transfusion triggers 27.1% of patients would not have been transfused according to National Guidelines (14.5% transfused in error, 12.5% not transfused when indicated). Invasive haemoglobin (invasive Hb) and SpHb were obtained 266 times in 75 patients. The mean invasive Hb was 7.37 ± 1.34 mmol L–1 and SpHb was 6.47 ± 0.81 mmol L–1 (P < 0.001). Bland-Altman analysis corrected for multiple measurements revealed proportional bias of –4.05 + 0.72 Hb (least bias at Hb 5.62)

Conclusions
The precision of the SpHb measurement exceeded the acceptable range of error. We concluded that SpHb measurement using the Rainbow device is too unreliable to be an acceptable alternative to invasive Hb measurement, or even as a trend monitor or decision support tool.

keywords:

transfusion, haemoglobin, SpHb

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