eISSN: 1689-1716
ISSN: 0324-8267
Archiwum Medycyny Sądowej i Kryminologii/Archives of Forensic Medicine and Criminology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2016
vol. 66
 
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abstract:
Original paper

COII ”long fragment” reliability in characterisation and classification of forensically important flies

Sanaa M. Aly, Shereen M. Mahmoud

Arch Med Sąd Kryminol 2016; 66 (2): 95-105
Online publish date: 2017/01/02
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Introduction
Molecular identification of collected flies is important in forensic entomological analysis guided with accurate evaluation of the chosen genetic marker. The selected mitochondrial DNA segments can be used to properly identify species. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability of the 635-bp-long cytochrome oxidase II gene (COII) in identification of forensically important flies.

Material and methods
Forty-two specimens belonging to 11 species (Calliphoridae: Chrysomya albiceps, C. rufifacies, C. megacephala, Lucilia sericata, L. cuprina; Sarcophagidae: Sarcophaga carnaria, S. dux, S. albiceps, Wohlfahrtia nuba; Muscidae: Musca domestica, M. autumnalis) were analysed. The selected marker was amplified using PCR followed by sequencing. Nucleotide sequence divergences were calculated using the K2P (Kimura two-parameter) distance model, and a NJ (neighbour-joining) phylogenetic tree was constructed.

Results
All examined specimens were assigned to the correct species, formed distinct monophyletic clades and ordered in accordance with their taxonomic classification. Intraspecific variation ranged from 0 to 1% and interspecific variation occurred between 2 and 20%.

Conclusions
The 635-bp-long COII marker is suitable for clear differentiation and identification of forensically relevant flies.

keywords:

forensic entomology, mitochondrial DNA, cytochrome oxidase II, phylogenetic analysis

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