eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2020
vol. 37
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Can allergy patch tests with food additives help to diagnose the cause in childhood chronic spontaneous urticaria?

Deniz Ozceker
1
,
Fatih Dilek
2
,
Esra Yucel
3
,
Zeynep Tamay
3
,
Emin Ozkaya
2
,
Nermin Guler
3, 4

1.
Department of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology, Saglik Bilimleri University, Okmeydani Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2.
Department of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology, Medical Faculty, Bezmi Alem University, Istanbul, Turkey
3.
Department of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
4.
Department of Paediatrics, Medical Faculty, Istanbul Bilim University, Istanbul, Turkey
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2020; XXXVII (3): 384-389
Online publish date: 2020/07/16
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Introduction
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is characterized by the onset of symptoms which are not induced by specific triggers, but are rather spontaneous. A considerable number of patients report that foods or food additives might be responsible for their chronic urticaria.

Aim
To determine the prevalence of sensitization to food additives in children with CSU using atopy patch tests (ATP).

Material and methods
Atopy patch tests for 23 different food additives were applied to 120 children with CSU and 61 healthy controls.

Results
Seventeen (14.1%) children with CSU were sensitized with food additives. None of the control group had positive APT. Azorubine and Cochineal red were the food additives detected with the highest sensitization rates (5.8% (n = 7) and 6.7% (n = 8), respectively).

Conclusions
There can be an association between food additives and CSU. APT tests may be a helpful tool in the assessment and management of CSU so that easier to follow diets and effective treatments can be offered to families.

keywords:

chronic urticaria, children, food additives

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