eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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2/2016
vol. 54
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Capillaroscopy – a role in modern rheumatology

Marek M. Chojnowski
,
Anna Felis-Giemza
,
Marzena Olesińska

Reumatologia 2016; 54, 2: 67-72
Online publish date: 2016/06/03
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Capillaroscopy is a non-invasive, easy and safe diagnostic technique designed to evaluate small vessels of the microcirculation in the nailfold. It can reveal both the general architecture of capillary rows and fine details of particular vessels. The most important indications for performing capillaroscopy include differential diagnosis of primary and secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon, as well as assessment of scleroderma spectrum disorders. In systemic sclerosis capillary abnormalities appear and evolve in a clearly defined sequence called the scleroderma pattern, which correlates with internal organ involvement. Capillaroscopy is also listed as a systemic sclerosis classification criterion recognized by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). With digitized equipment, capillaroscopy allows for precise qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the microcirculation and is a valuable tool in the rheumatologists’ daily practice.
keywords:

videocapillaroscopy, systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis







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