eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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1/2019
vol. 57
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Cardiac and vascular complications in rheumatoid arthritis

Prashanth Rawla

Reumatologia 2019; 57, 1: 27-36
Online publish date: 2019/02/28
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an independent risk factor for the development of a variety of cardiovascular diseases, with a 1.5-factor increase in risk. This literature review aims to provide a global overview of the pathogenesis, effects of anti-rheumatoid treatment on cardiovascular risk, a description of the cardiovascular complications associated with RA, and current opinion on cardiovascular risk assessment and management in patients with RA.

Author conducted a literature search in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Embase regarding RA and associated cardiovascular complications. The mechanism of increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with RA is complex. There are specific genetic factors associated with both diseases, and traditional cardiovascular risk factors may be more prevalent in patients with RA. Most anti-rheumatic drugs decrease cardiovascular risk, and general recommendations focus on reduction of disease activity and strict management of cardiovascular risk as per the general population.
keywords:

inflammation, atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular

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