eISSN: 2084-9885
ISSN: 1896-6764
Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia/Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3-4/2013
vol. 8
 
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abstract:

Case report
Long-term cognitive impairment in posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES): a case study

Magdalena Roessler-Górecka
,
Bożena Kłysz
,
Joanna Barbara Seniów

Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 2013; 8, 3–4: 131–141
Online publish date: 2014/01/30
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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurotoxic and neurometabolic state associated with a distinct appearance in neuroimaging as well as particular clinical features. While PRES is defined as a reversible condition, studies concerning the post-acute neurocognitive symptoms are not sufficient. We report a case of PRES with associated cognitive and behavioural deficits. Neuroimaging revealed bilateral abnormalities within the cerebellum, the parietal and occipital lobes, along with mild involvement of the frontal lobes. Despite the regression of these changes, results from neuropsychological examinations revealed a long-lasting mild impairment mostly affecting spatial-perceptual functions and attention, but also aspects of executive function. This case documents long-term cognitive and behavioural consequences of PRES generally corresponding with the areas implicated on neuroimaging.
keywords:

posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, cognitive impairment

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