ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2020
vol. 28
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Change in the biomechanical characteristics of running as a result of an individual 1-year program for training an elite athlete with visual impairment for Paralympic Games

Zhanneta Kozina
1
,
Olena Chaika
2
,
Ivan Prokopenko
3
,
Vadym Zdanyuk
4
,
Hanna Kniaz
5
,
Olexsii Proskurnia
6
,
Andrii Chernozub
7
,
Yurii Shkrebtii
8
,
Yana Romantsova
9

1.
Department of olympic and Professional Sport and Sport Games, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
2.
Department of Physical Culture, Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv National University of Air Force, Kharkiv, Ukraine
3.
H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
4.
Department of Physical Rehabilitation and Medical and Biological Bases of Physical Education, Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan ohiienko National University, Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine
5.
Department of Practice of English oral and Written Speech, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
6.
Department of Mathematics, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
7.
Department of Medical and Biological Foundations of Sport and Physical Rehabilitation, Black Sea National University named after Petro Mohyla, Mykolayiv, Ukraine
8.
Department of Water Sports, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kiev, Ukraine
9.
Department of Foreign Languages No. 1, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Physiotherapy Quarterly (ISSN 2544-4395) 2020, 28(3), 21–31
Online publish date: 2020/08/20
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Introduction
To identify the effectiveness of an individual track and field sprint training program for an elite athlete with visual impairment to improve running techniques and increase competitive performance.

Methods
An elite athlete, a Paralympic medallist and winner in the 2016 World Championship of Athletes with disabilities was involved in the study. An individual training program was developed, based on improving speed endurance and the kinaesthetic analyser. The biomechanical indicators of running were determined for 100-m running.

Results
The value of the angle in the knee joint at the time of thigh raising, as well as the speed of movement of the ankle and knee joints at the time of thigh raising and at the time of lowering the leg increased significantly (p < 0.05). A significant decrease in the running time of running steps during the development of maximum speed at a distance (p < 0.05) was revealed. Elimination of delays in lowering the leg after thigh raising was found. The time of 100-m running decreased significantly.

Conclusions
The athlete became the champion of the world and the silver medallist of the Paralympics in 2016 as a result of applying the individually developed training program.

keywords:

sprint, visual impairment, running, biomechanical indicators, Paralympic Games

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