en POLSKI
eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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2/2019
vol. 57
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Clinical characteristics and disability in patients with knee osteoarthritis: real world experience from Bulgaria

Tsvetoslav Georgiev
1

1.
Clinic of Rheumatology, University Hospital “St. Ivan Rilski”, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
Reumatologia 2019; 57, 2: 78-84
Online publish date: 2019/04/29
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Objectives
Although knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of impaired functioning among older adults globally, little is still known about the complex mechanisms of disability accumulation in these patients. The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical parameters of patients with KOA in a Bulgarian population and to determine which of these clinical characteristics define disability to the greatest extent.

Material and methods
Patients aged 40–80 years with symptomatic KOA were included. The assessment tools for pain, clinical disease severity, and disability were the pain visual analogue scale (VAS) and disease-specific questionnaires: Algofunctional Index of Lequesne, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities OA Index (WOMAC), and the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), respectively. Radiographs of the knees were obtained and graded according to the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) system.

Results
One hundred and thirty-two patients (81% women) participated in the study. The median values of VAS (mm), WOMAC, Lequesne, and HAQ-DI scores were 52, 37.5, 11, 0.88, respectively. Men had milder disease, resulting in lower VAS, WOMAC, Lequesne, and HAQ-DI scores and less structural damage compared to women (p < 0.05). WOMAC index correlated positively with age of the patients but not with duration of the complaints. Patients with severe and very severe pain did not differ in their HAQ-DI, disease severity and KL grading. WOMAC physical function score and Lequesne index were independent predictors for the HAQ-DI in patients with KOA.

Conclusions
Bulgarian patients with KOA had moderate disability which showed a strong relationship with physical function of WOMAC and disease severity. Multiple layers of causality coexist to determine the knee pain in Bulgarian patients with KOA.

keywords:

quality of life, disability, self-esteem, knee osteoarthritis







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