eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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6/2010
vol. 6
 
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abstract:

Clinical research
Randomized study assessing the influence of supervised exercises on ankle joint mobility in patients with venous leg ulcerations

Maria T. Szewczyk
,
Arkadiusz Jawień
,
Justyna Cwajda-Białasik
,
Katarzyna Cierzniakowska
,
Paulina Mościcka
,
Elżbieta Hancke

Arch Med Sci 2010; 6, 6: 956-963
Online publish date: 2010/12/29
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Introduction : The aim of the study was to assess the influence of a supervised programme of exercises on ankle joint mobility in patients with venous leg ulcerations.

Material and methods : The study was carried out between 2008 and 2009 at the Venous Ulcer Treatment Outpatient Clinic and Clinic of General and Vascular Surgery of the Dr Jan Biziel University Hospital no. 2 in Bydgoszcz. It was a randomized control study in which 32 patients with venous leg ulcerations were qualified. Patients with ulcerations were randomized to 2 groups – 16 patients were included in the group with a supervised programme of exercises and the other 16 patients were included in the control groupperforming physical exercises by themselves, without supervision. The ranges of ankle joint mobility were assessed before, during and after the end of the 9-week exercise programme. A 32 cm goniometer with a scale from 0° to 180° with accuracy to 1° was used for measurements.

Results : In both groups a substantial increase of ankle joint mobility (p < 0.05) was observed. The total ankle joint mobility after completion of the exercises was significantly higher in the group performing exercises under the supervision of a nurse. Having a significant effect on the mobility of the ankle were the ulceration area, the extent of lipodermatosclerosis, and the intensity of symptoms and signs of CVI (p < 0.05).

Conclusions : Supervised physical exercises broaden the range of ankle joint mobility. They should constitute an integral part of a holistic model of care for patients with venous leg ulcerations.
keywords:

venous ulceration, ankle joint, improving exercises, training bike

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