eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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abstract:
Basic research

Co-expression network analysis revealing the key lncRNAs in diabetic foot ulcers

Pijun Yu, Jian Guo, Junjie Li, Wei Chen, Tianlan Zhao

Online publish date: 2019/05/05
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Introduction
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are the most common foot injuries leading to lower extremity amputation in diabetic patients. Recent studies showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) played important roles in diverse biological processes. In this study, we focused on identifying differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in DFU.

Material and methods
Real-time PCR assay was performed to validate the expression pattern of lncRNAs in DFU. Moreover, co-expression networks were also constructed to identify hub lncRNAs in DFU. Specifically, gene ontology (GO) analysis was first performed to evaluate the potential roles of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and lncRNAs in DFU.

Results
In the present study, we identified 58 up-regulated lncRNAs and 42 down-regulated lncRNAs in DFU samples compared to non-diabetic foot skin samples by analyzing the GSE68186 dataset. Four lncRNAs (FLJ30679, LINC01193, LINC00692, and LINC00641) were observed to be up-regulated in DFU. Furthermore, we found that the down-regulated lncRNA-mediated co-expression network contained 42 lncRNAs and 700 DEGs and the up-regulated lncRNA mediated co-expression network contained 58 lncRNAs and 688 DEGs.

Conclusions
Bioinformatics analysis showed that differentially expressed lncRNAs were involved in regulating the ERK1 and ERK2 cascade, secondary alcohol biosynthetic process, centrosome duplication and DNA repair. These results suggested the potential prognostic value of lncRNAs in DFU.

keywords:

long non-coding RNA, diabetic foot ulcers, co-expression network, biomarkers

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