eISSN: 2084-9885
ISSN: 1896-6764
Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia/Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology
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2/2017
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Cognitive impairment, retrospective and prospective memory, and visual inattention in chronotype

Esfandiar Azad-Marzabadi, Sohrab Amiri, Sepideh Behnezhad

Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 2017; 12, 2: 54–60
Online publish date: 2017/10/12
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Aim of the study was to evaluate cognitive impairment, retrospective and prospective memory, and visual inattention in chronotype personality tendencies.

Methods: A total of 676 students of Bu Ali Sina University were selected in 2017. Subsequently, 150 of them were selected for the second stage according to the scores in the morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ): as a morning person, an evening person, or intermediate. Finally, participants were studied in executive functions, memory function, and visual inattention.

Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between the morningness-eveningness personality groups in executive functions, memory function, and visual inattention (p < 0.05). Participants with eveningness and intermediate personality had higher performance in retrospective memory, prospective memory, general memory, visual/spatial, naming, and attention. This difference was significant (p < 0.05). Also, participants with morningness and intermediate traits had higher performance in right and left visual attention (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: It can be concluded that morningness tendencies have worse cognitive performance in executive functions and eveningness tendencies have deficiencies in visual attention.
keywords:

executive functions, morningness-eveningness, visual attention, retrospective and prospective memory

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