eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

Computed tomography-guided core needle biopsy for lung nodules: low-dose versus standard-dose protocols

Yi-Yang Huang
1
,
Hong Cheng
1
,
Guang-Chao Li
2

1.
Medical College, Yangzhou University, China
2.
Department of Radiology, No. 6 Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University
Videosurgery Miniinv
Online publish date: 2021/02/03
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Introduction
Computed tomography (CT)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) is an essential step in the management of lung nodules (LNs). Low-dose CT (LDCT)-guided CNB has been used to decrease the radiation exposure. Aim: To evaluate the technical success, safety, diagnostic capacity, and radiation exposure to patients between LDCT-guided and standard-dose CT (SDCT)-guided CNB for LNs.

Material and methods
This is a retrospective, single-centre study. Patients who underwent LDCT-guided or SDCT-guided CNB for LNs from January 2015 to December 2017 were included. Data on technical success, diagnostic performance, complications, and radiation exposure were collected and analysed.

Results
A total of 70 and 65 patients underwent LDCT-guided and SDCT-guided CNB procedure, respectively. The technical success rates were 100% in both groups. The diagnostic yield, sensitivity, specificity, and overall diagnostic accuracy in the LDCT and SDCT groups were 71.4% and 67.7% (p = 0.637), 97.8% and 93.2% (p = 0.625), 100%, and 100%, and 98.6% and 95.4% (p = 0.560), respectively. The independent risk factor of diagnostic failure was less sample tissues (p = 0.012; 95% confidence interval: 0.033–0.651). Pneumothorax was found in 9 and 12 patients in the LDCT and SDCT groups, respectively (p = 0.369). Lung haemorrhage was found in 11 and 12 patients in the LDCT and SDCT groups, respectively (p = 0.671). The mean dose-length product was 38.3 ±17.0 mGy · cm and 376.0 ±118.7 mGy · cm in the LDCT and SDCT groups, respectively (p < 0.001).

Conclusions
Compared to SDCT, LDCT-guided CNB can provide comparable safety and diagnostic performance for LNs while reducing exposure to radiation.

keywords:

low-dose, computed tomography, lung nodule, biopsy

  
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