eISSN: 1732-2707
ISSN: 1730-1270
HIV & AIDS Review. International Journal of HIV-Related Problems
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1/2020
vol. 19
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Critical role of medical education among dentists and dental students on HIV/AIDS: a systematic review

Irna Sufiawati
1
,
Eliza K.M. Munthe
1

1.
Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjajaran, Indonesia
HIV AIDS Rev 2020; 19, 1: 1-7
Online publish date: 2020/03/09
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Dentists and dental students have an ethical responsibility to provide treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients, since oral lesions are common to occur in HIV patients. The purpose of this paper was to present a systematic review of current published literature regarding the basic medical knowledge of HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) among dentists and dental students. HIV infection has a high-rate of morbidity and mortality, and this disease is a devastating public health issue. A true understanding of HIV/AIDS is still lacking in developing countries. Among dentist 69.8% reported that absence of knowledge was their main concern in treating HIV patients. High-risk category for cross-contamination occurs in dentists and dental students. Inadequate knowledge of transmission process, diagnosis, treatment, and ignorance about the disease has led to a fear and HIV phobia. Negative attitude and willingness to treat HIV patients are influenced by lack of knowledge. The positive result in providing care for HIV patients has been proven through appropriate training of dentists in terms of HIV patient care in clinical experience. The knowledge and practice of dentists and dental students regarding the disease are strengthened by an innovative education. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and positive attitude towards people with HIV/AIDS are crucial for dental students. There is a need for continued medical education for dentists and dental students on issues related to HIV infection.
keywords:

attitude, dentist, dental student, HIV, knowledge

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