eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2022
vol. 39
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Dermatological manifestations of the Coronavirus disease 2019 in children: a systemic review

Piotr Ciechanowicz
1
,
Klaudia Dopytalska
1
,
Michał Szczerba
2
,
Elżbieta Szymańska
1
,
Irena Walecka
1

1.
Dermatology Department, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education/Central Clinical Hospital MSWiA, Warsaw, Poland
2.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology, Katowice, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2022; XXXIX (3): 491-508
Online publish date: 2020/09/25
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Introduction
An increasing number of publications describing dermatoses associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have shown differences in the morphology and incidence of dermatoses in children compared to the general population.

Material and methods
Among 22 selected full-text articles, dermatoses associated with COVID-19 have been described in 196 children (average age: 12.57 years). Dermatoses were the only symptom in most patients (n = 134; 68.4%). RT-PCR tests of nasopharyngeal swabs confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in only 18 cases (n = 18/69; 26.1%).

Results
Dermatoses described include chilblain-like lesions (n = 173; 88.3%), maculopapular rash (n = 16; 8.2%), erythema multiforme-like lesions (n = 12; 6.1%), varicella-like exanthema (n = 1; 0.5%), and urticaria (n = 1; 0.5%).

Conclusions
This publication aims to summarise existing data on dermatoses and to draw attention to how identification of dermatological symptoms in paediatric patients can provide a quick and reliable indicator of COVID-19.

keywords:

COVID-19, coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, paediatric, skin lesion, chilblain-like Introduction

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