eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Special issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
5/2019
vol. 15
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Clinical research

Detection of metabolic syndrome burden in healthy young adults may enable timely introduction of disease prevention

Anja Šoštarič
,
Barbara Jenko
,
Nada Rotovnik Kozjek
,
Darja Ovijač
,
Dušan Šuput
,
Irina Milisav
,
Vita Dolžan

Arch Med Sci 2019; 15 (5): 1184–1194
Online publish date: 2019/08/23
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Metabolic syndrome and associated diseases are a global health problem. Detection of early metabolic modifications that may lead to metabolic syndrome would enable timely introduction of preventive lifestyle modifications.

Material and methods
In total 103 young, healthy adults were assessed for indicators of metabolic alterations. Anthropometric, lifestyle, genetic and biochemical parameters were assessed. Individuals who fulfilled at least one criterion for diagnosis of metabolic syndrome were assigned to the group with the higher metabolic syndrome burden (B-MeS).

Results
The 34 young healthy individuals who were assigned to the B-MeS group had lower fat-free mass, higher body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, fat mass, and blood pressure, more visceral fat, they were less physically active, had higher C-reactive protein values and higher catalase activity. Their phenotype was more similar to that of patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome than the rest of the population.

Conclusions
Simple anthropometric measurements, lifestyle assessment and basic biochemical measurements can be used to identify young healthy individuals with increased risk for metabolic syndrome. These assessments can be performed at periodic check-ups of the healthy population so that timely diagnosis of B-MeS can be made. As lifestyle factors have a big influence on development or improvement of the MeS, the timely diagnosis for B-MeS would enable an early opportunity for intervention for lifestyle modification in the still healthy population, saving costs and reducing disability adjusted life years.

keywords:

metabolic syndrome, young adults, anthropometry, nutrition, exercise

Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe