eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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2/2019
vol. 44
 
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abstract:
Clinical immunology

Diagnosis and treatment of adult mixed-type Henoch-Schönlein purpura

Jun Cui
,
Liu-Ye Huang
,
Juan Guo
,
Cheng-Rong Wu
,
Bo Zhang

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2019; 44 (2): 138-143)
Online publish date: 2019/07/30
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Aim of the study
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical manifestations and outcomes of patients with adult mixed-type Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and imaging characteristics of the disease, and to evaluate the efficacy of combined therapy in treating symptoms of HSP.

Material and methods
From January 2008 to October 2015, 23 patients with adult mixed-type HSP were enrolled. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination and small intestinal enteroscopy were performed for all the patients. For patients with positive urine protein, ultrasonic guided renal needle biopsy with 18G biopsy needle was performed; immunofluorescence and pathologic examinations were performed. Combined therapy with antihistamine drugs, gastric acid suppressants and glucocorticoids was used to relieve abdominal pain, gastrointestinal tract bleeding and urine protein.

Results
The typical skin manifestation of HSP is distributed purpura in dependent areas. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT examination exhibited the intestinal canal wall thickening and edema. Small intestinal endoscopy showed diffused hyperemia, dropsy, and erosion. All the patients with positive urine protein showed significantly higher IgA levels. With the use of combined therapy, abdominal pain and gastrointestinal tract bleeding disappeared, and urine protein decreased gradually.

Conclusions
Higher IgA levels with multiorgan involvement (gastrointestinal, kidney and skin) should make one consider the diagnosis. The combined examination of abdominal contrast-enhanced CT, small intestinal endoscopy and renal needle biopsy is a valuable method for the early diagnosis of adult mixed-type HSP.

keywords:

adult mixed-type HSP, diagnosis, therapy

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