eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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vol. 68
Original paper

Diagnostic value of TROP-2 expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma and comparison with HBME-1, galectin-3 and cytokeratin 19

Afsin Rahman Murtezaoglu
Hasan Gucer

Pol J Pathol 2017; 68 (1): 1-10
Online publish date: 2017/05/23
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In this study, we compared the diagnostic value of TROP-2 expression in distinguishing between benign and malignant thyroid lesions to those of HBME-1, CK19 and galectin-3.

We selected 102 cases from our archive including 20 normal thyroid tissues, 23 follicular nodular diseases, 17 follicular adenomas, 20 follicular variant papillary carcinomas and 22 classical variant papillary carcinomas. Tissue microarrays constructed from these cases were immunohistochemically analyzed with HBME-1, CK19, galectin-3 and TROP-2.

Respectively 73.8%, 83.3%, 69% and 50% of all papillary carcinomas were positive with HBME-1, CK19, galectin-3 and TROP-2. CK19 was positive respectively by 100%, 43.5% and 35.3% in cases of normal thyroid, follicular nodular diseases and follicular adenoma, while the other markers were negative. In distinguishing benign and malignant lesions, which constitutes this study, HBME-1, CK19, galectin-3 and TROP-2 were statistically significant (p < 0.001). In distinguishing cases of follicular variant papillary carcinoma from follicular nodular diseases and follicular adenoma, HBME-1 and galectin-3 were statistically significant (p < 0.001).

Consequently, in this study, we found that all immunohistochemical markers were effective in distinguishing benign and malignant thyroid lesions. In determining malignancy, HBME-1 had the highest diagnostic accuracy, while CK19 was the most sensitive marker. The sensitivity increased when the markers were used together.

papillary thyroid carcinoma, TROP-2, HBME-1, galectin-3, cytokeratin19

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