eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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2/2022
vol. 17
 
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General surgery
abstract:
Meta-analysis

Does povidone-iodine application in surgical procedures help in the prevention of surgical site infections? An updated meta-analysis

Lihua Shi
1
,
Li Cai
1
,
Fen Wan
1
,
Yali Jiang
1
,
Rupshikha Choudhury
2
,
Sanjay Rastogi
2

1.
Operating Room, Liyang People’s Hospital, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China
2.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Regional Dental College, Guwahati, Assam, India
Videosurgery Miniinv 2022; 17 (2): 261–278
Online publish date: 2022/01/09
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Introduction
A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the efficacy of preoperative or intraoperative use of PVI from randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Material and methods
A systematic literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and Central databases for RCTs that involved PVI application versus saline or no treatment control groups across various surgical categories. The primary outcome was SSI or post-operative wound infections. A random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled risk ratio and subgroup analyses were performed.

Results
A total of 59 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis with information from 20,497 patients. A reduction in overall SSI incidence was found (RR = 0.70, 0.60–0.80, p = 0.0002, I2 = 44%). Subgroup analyses showed that the comparator treatment and type of procedure did not modify the effect of PVI on SSI incidence. However, inconsistent results on SSI incidence were obtained when the data were stratified by PVI application method and surgery category.

Conclusions
The results of the meta-analysis provide support for the preoperative or intraoperative use of PVI in decreasing the incidence of SSI.

keywords:

povidone iodine, surgical site infections, skin preparation, wound irrigation, normal saline

  
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