ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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1/2018
vol. 19
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Dual-task exercise as a therapy for executive motor function in Parkinson’s disease

Gilmara Gomes de Assis
1
,
Tatiane Alves da Silva
2
,
Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas
2

1.
Physiology Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil
2.
Physical Education Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil
Online publish date: 2018/04/12
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Purpose
To evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise with dual-task on the motor function in patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Methods
Clinically evaluated by the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale – III and the Senior Fitness Test battery, 20 patients with Parkinson’s disease were randomly divided into a control and an experimental group, with the latter performing a 4-week program of water-walking in a deep pool while executing dual-tasks. Evaluations were made before and after 4 weeks in both groups.

Results
Patients with Parkinson’s disease revealed significant improvements in pre-/post-exercise motor function, with a moderate effect (p < 0.001; d = 0.44). Bradykinesia (p < 0.001) and agility (p < 0.001) exhibited significant changes individually.

Conclusions
Regular exercise combined with executive challenge such as dual-task may counteract the advanced motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease neurodegeneration.

keywords:

dual-task exercise, aerobic exercise, executive function, motor control, Parkinson’s disease

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