ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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4/2022
vol. 30
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effect of proprioceptive training on lower back muscle performance in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial

Sahar Abdallah Alasar
1
,
Ghada Abdelmoneim Abdallah
1
,
Maher Ahmed Elkabalawy
1

1.
Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Physiother Quart. 2022;30(4):96–103
Online publish date: 2022/12/19
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Introduction
This study was conducted to investigate the impact of proprioceptive training in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain on lower back muscle performance.

Methods
Overall, 43 participants of both genders (28 females and 15 males) with chronic non-specific low back pain aged 18–26 years were randomly assigned to 2 groups (A and B). Group A (n = 22) received proprioceptive training and conventional strengthening and stretching exercises 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Group B (n = 21) received conventional strengthening and stretching exercises 3 times per week for 8 weeks. To assess lower back muscle performance (peak torque) and the repositioning error of the lumbar spine, a Biodex System 3 Pro isokinetic dynamometer was used. A pressure pain algometer served to measure the pain level, and the functional level was evaluated with the Arabic version of Oswestry Disability Index. All subjects’ outcomes were assessed before and after treatment. For statistical analysis, mixed ANOVA was conducted to investigate the effect of treatment.

Results
A statistically significant effect (p < 0.0001) of treatment and time was revealed in both groups for all measured variables. Between-group analysis implied a higher improvement in post-intervention results in group A (p < 0.05).

Conclusions
This study indicated improvement in both groups, but adding proprioceptive training to conventional therapy resulted in more improvement in all measured variables.

keywords:

proprioceptive training, back muscle performance, isokinetic dynamometer, chronic non-specific low back pain

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