ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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2/2022
vol. 30
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effect of virtual reality games on motor performance level in children with spastic cerebral palsy

Somaia A. Hamed
1
,
Nevien Maher Waked
2
,
Akram M. Helmy
3

1.
Department of Physical Therapy for Pediatrics and Women Health, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Ahram Canadian University, Giza, Egypt
2.
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, October 6 University, Giza, Egypt
3.
Physical Therapy Department, College of Medical Rehabilitation, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
Physiother Quart. 2022;30(2):15–19
Online publish date: 2022/05/31
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Introduction
The study aim was to examine the effects of virtual reality games on motor performance level in children with spastic cerebral palsy.

Methods
The study involved 30 children (boys and girls) aged 7–10 years with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. They were randomly divided into the control group, who received a conventional selected exercise program, and the study group, who received the same conventional selected exercise accompanied by virtual reality games, 3 times per week for 3 successive months. Motor performance level was evaluated with the Gross Motor Function Measure scale (GMFM) and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). The Wilcoxon test was applied for within-group comparison and the Mann-Whitney test for between-group comparison.

Results
The within-group comparison revealed significant improvements of GMFM and GMFCS scores in the study group, while in the control group, there was no statistically significant difference. Between-group comparisons showed a significant improvement of GMFM in the study group.

Conclusions
Virtual reality games have positive effects on the motor performance level in patients with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.

keywords:

virtual reality, cerebral palsy, motor function measure

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