ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2013
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effects of internal and external attentional foci on motor skill learning: testing the automation hypothesis

Thiago A.C. Oliveira
,
Renata A. Denardi
,
Go Tani
,
Umberto C. Corrêa

Online publish date: 2018/04/20
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Purpose
This study investigated if (1) the beneficial effects of an external focus of attention on learning a motor skill were influenced by an internal focus of attention provided at initial instruction (2) or by an internal focus of attention at the early stage of the acquisition phase and (3) their relation to the automation hypothesis.

Methods
Three separate experiments were performed with 168 college students on the acquisition, transfer, and retention of a golf-putting task.

Results
In conjunction, the results of the three experiments pointed to the positive effects of an internal attention of focus instructions followed by an external attentional focus on motor learning.

Conclusions
These results support the development of an alternative hypothesis on the effects of attentional focus on motor skill acquisition.

keywords:

instruction; attention; motor learning; golf; external focus; internal focus

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