eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2017
vol. 68
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effects of transforming growth factor-β inhibitor on the proliferation of glioma stem/progenitor cell

Quanbin Zhang
,
Wei Guo
,
Chong Di
,
Meiqing Lou
,
Haimeng Li
,
Yaodong Zhao

Pol J Pathol 2017; 68 (4): 312-317
Online publish date: 2018/03/06
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Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathways play an important role in inhibition and promotion of cell proliferation in neural stem cells (NSCs) and glioma stem/progenitor cells (GSPCs), respectively. However, the mechanisms underlying these processes remain unknown. We presumed that there may be functional inhibition at the receptor downstream of TGF-β signaling pathway leading to the activation of non- TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway, which stimulates the proliferation of GSPCs. In this study, GSPCs, from glioma cell lines SHG44, were cultivated with TGF-β receptor inhibitors (LY2157299 and LY2109761), and then the proliferative capability of GSPCs was measured; as well, the synthesis of TGF-β ligands, and the mRNA expression level of TGF-β and some key molecules of non-Smad signaling pathways were also detected. Our results showed that inhibitors against TGF-β receptors could promote the proliferation of GSPCs, and the synthesis of TGF-β ligands was enhanced. Furthermore, the inhibition of TGF-β receptor may lead to the activation of non-Smad signaling pathways (mTOR and NF-κB). In conclusion, the down-regulation of TGF-β receptor capability by TGF-β receptor inhibitors can increase TGF-β ligands synthesis and secretion, which then promote GSPCs proliferation by activating non-Smad signaling pathways.
keywords:

transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), TGF-β receptor inhibitor; Non-Smad signaling pathways, glioma stem/progenitor cells

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