eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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2/2019
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Emergency surgery in older patients

Natalia Dowgiałło-Wnukiewicz, Piotr Kozera, Paweł Lech, Przemysław Rymkiewicz, Maciej Michalik

Videosurgery Miniinv 2019; 14 (2): 182–186
Online publish date: 2018/08/13
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Introduction
At present, emergency guidelines do not differentiate between younger adults and older persons. The changing socioeconomic situation associated with the aging population will be challenging for the healthcare system and requires new medical guidelines to best accommodate it.

Aim
To analyze whether the age and comorbidities of a patient affect acute care surgical outcomes.

Material and Methods
We performed a retrospective study of 161 patients who were admitted in emergency to the Department of General, Minimally Invasive and Elderly Surgery in Olsztyn between May and October 2017. Patients were divided into three age groups. Outcomes in patients older than 80 years were compared with corresponding statistical predictions of morbidity and mortality, as calculated using the Physiologic and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM).

Results
Patients in the 80+ age group had a higher mortality rate in comparison with those in the other age groups, and a higher number of comorbidities (p = 0.002 and p = 0.001, respectively). The POSSUM morbidity and mortality rates were significantly higher for the older patients who died than for the older patients who were discharged (p = 0.013 and p = 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions
Decisions about suitable therapy in the acute care setting should be made after consideration of the overall health of a patient. This study shows that age itself has a huge impact on postoperative results. The older the patient is, the higher the risk of perioperative death. We recommend patient evaluation using the POSSUM scale to better predict this risk.

keywords:

emergency, elderly, Physiologic and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM), older patients

  
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