eISSN: 1731-2531
ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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1/2022
vol. 54
 
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abstract:
Review article

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols for spine surgery – review of literature

Rotem Naftalovich
1, 2
,
Amit Singal
1
,
Andrew J. Iskander
3

1.
Department of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Care, Rutgers – New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, United States
2.
Medical Corps, U.S. Army
3.
Department of Anaesthesiology, Rutgers – Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, United States
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2022; 54, 1: 71–79
Online publish date: 2022/03/16
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Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a multidisciplinary approach that uses a combination of evidence-based methods to improve patient care. Different ERAS protocols are used in various surgical fields but for spine surgery there is no widely used standard ERAS protocol. We compiled and examined the multiple available publications on ERAS protocols for spine surgery. Some general commonalities exist between ERAS protocols; however, a great deal of variety is observed in the granularity of important details such as differing drug choices or specific dosing. To assess and relate the different available ERAS protocols, we conducted a comprehensive narrative literature review focused on comparing commonalities and differences among the following aspects of ERAS protocols: mechanisms of action, post-surgery pain levels, opioid consumption, utilization of muscle relaxants, use of anti-inflammation drugs, and ambulation after surgery. Our goal in this project was to simplify the search process for institutions who review the literature. In this review, certain ERAS elements such as early ambulation, blood loss, pain management, and patient positioning are further explored in more depth.
keywords:

anesthesia, postoperative, pain, protocol, enhanced recovery after surgery, spine surgery, opioid

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