eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2019
vol. 70
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Environment and urinary bladder cancer. A historical perspective

Gabriella Nesi
,
Ilaria C. Galli
,
Andrea Amorosi
,
Raffaella Santi

Pol J Pathol 2019; 70 (1): 21-25
Online publish date: 2019/04/24
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Our understanding of aetiological factors associated with urinary bladder cancer has radically improved over the last decades. Cigarette smoking is considered the most important risk factor, even in the industrialised world, while various occupational and environmental exposures to chemicals are also held responsible. The link between bladder cancer and schistosomiasis, highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, Sudan, Egypt, and Yemen, provides input for investigating and potentially preventing bladder carcinogenesis. Growing concern regarding environmental diseases prompts investigation into the historical milestones that have helped disentangle the relationships between health and environment.
keywords:

bladder cancer, environment, risk factors, aetiology

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