eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2021
vol. 38
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Epidemiology of dermatophytoses in paediatric population in Southwestern Poland, 2011–2016

Anna Gawdzik
1
,
Katarzyna Nowogrodzka
1
,
Anita Hryncewicz-Gwóźdź
1, 2
,
Jacek Szepietowski
1
,
Joanna Maj
1
,
Alina Jankowska-Konsur
1

1.
Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
2.
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2021; XXXVIII (1): 91-95
Online publish date: 2021/03/10
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Dermatophytoses are the most common superficial fungal infections in paediatric population. Its pathogen pattern has changed over years. Aim: To analyse the spectrum of dermatophytoses in children living in Southwestern Poland, in the years 2011–2016.

Material and methods
A total of 1705 patients were diagnosed with fungal skin infection in the Mycological Laboratory, Dermatology Department of the Wroclaw Medical University. Of them, 163 were under 18 years of age.

Results
In 105 cases, dermatophytoses were detected. The collected specimens were examined using direct microscopy examination, staining, culture on specific media and PCR technique. The most common dermatophytes were Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton tonsurans (31.4% each), followed in the descending order by Trichophyton mentagrophytes (21.9%), Microsporum canis (13.3%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (1.9%). The most commonly affected body sites were glabrous skin of the trunk and extremities (41.7%), followed by face (22.2%), scalp (15.7%) and toe nails (14.8%).

Conclusions
This study revealed the most common types of dermatophytoses and their pathogens in children in Southwestern Poland. In comparison to earlier data obtained from this region, new epidemiological trends have been revealed. We observed the shift towards anthropophilic dermatophyte infections and an increasing number of onychomycosis in children. Because of climatic variations, migration, and changing lifestyle practices, further studies on dermatophytoses are necessary to improve our knowledge on the epidemiology of fungal infections.

keywords:

epidemiology, dermatophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, children, Poland

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe