ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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3/2020
vol. 28
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Erectile dysfunction and mood disorders in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation

Sandra Jóźwik
1
,
Magdalena Sierakowska
1
,
Robert Gajda
2
,
Joanna Szczepańska-Gieracha
1

1.
Department of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland
2.
Centre for Sports Cardiology, Gajda-Med Medical Centre, Pułtusk, Poland
Physiotherapy Quarterly (ISSN 2544-4395) 2020, 28(3), 44–49
Online publish date: 2020/08/20
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Introduction
Mood disorders, a predominant symptom of depression, are correlated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVd) development and unfavourable course. Anxiety that accompanies CVd is concurrently its cause, consequence, and debilitating factor. There is also a correlation between CVd and erectile dysfunction (Ed). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mood disorders and Ed in men undergoing cardiac rehabilitation and determine the role of diabetes and other risk factors in both health problems.

Methods
The study involved 69 men aged 32–79 admitted to cardiac rehabilitation procedure. Beck depression inventory served to measure mood disorders, and international index of Erectile Function 5 to establish sexual dysfunction. A survey pertaining social, demographic, and clinical data was conducted among the participants.

Results
overall, 85.5% of the participants were overweight or obese. over half of them suffered from hypertension or lipid disorders. About a third had diabetes, 77% smoked cigarettes. Mood disorders were found in 5 men, Ed among 74% of the participants. There was no statistically significant correlation between mood disorders and diabetes, smoking, or excess body mass. Ed prevalence showed no correlation with overweight or mood disorders. The only statistically significant risk factor for Ed was diabetes.

Conclusions
The results do not reveal a connection between mood disorders and Ed in the studied sample. it is impossible to measure shared risk factors for both disorders in a group with only 5 people presenting depression symptoms. diabetes significantly influences Ed prevalence among men with coronary artery disease.

keywords:

coronary artery disease, dEC syndrome, cardiac rehabilitation, erectile dysfunction, depression, diabetes

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