eISSN: 1732-2707
ISSN: 1730-1270
HIV & AIDS Review. International Journal of HIV-Related Problems
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
4/2020
vol. 19
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Evaluation of anthropometric indices, eating habits, and their relationship with CD4 level in individuals with HIV/AIDS

Moradali Zareipour
1
,
Ehsan Movahed
2
,
Reza Sadeghi
3
,
Ahmad Sotoudeh
4
,
Saeedeh Sadeghi
5
,
Mahboobe Ameri
6

1.
Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Urmia Health Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2.
Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
3.
Department of Public Health, Sirjan School of Medical Sciences, Sirjan, Iran
4.
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
5.
The Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
6.
School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
HIV AIDS Rev 2020; 19, 4: 237-243
Online publish date: 2020/12/12
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Introduction
Malnutrition is one of the important and complex complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and anthropometry is a valuable clinical indicator in health planning and policy making among HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate anthropometric indices, eating habits, and their association with CD4 in individuals with HIV/AIDS.

Material and methods
This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on all individuals with HIV/AIDS over 20 years of age, who referred to a behavioral diseases counseling center in Iran in 2018. Census sampling method was conducted, and 122 patients were selected. Anthropometric indices were measured using standard methods, and nutritional status questionnaire was used to assess patients’ nutritional status.

Results
The mean body mass index in women and men were 25 and 22 kg/m2, respectively. Abdomi­nal obesity was 0.89 and 0.87 cm in female and male patients, respectively. Furthermore, 64% of patients had poor eating habits. Among food groups, consumption of water (p = 0.05) and carbonated drinks (p = 0.034) were significantly different between men and women. Among dietary groups, only meat and legumes group had a significant association with CD4 level (p = 0.047).

Conclusions
Although 57% of patients with HIV infection were within normal range, abdominal obesity was higher than standard values, and two thirds of the participants presented poor eating habits. Therefore, nutritional interventions are of great importance in this group of patients.

keywords:

anthropometry, eating habits, HIV/AIDS, CD4

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