eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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3/2021
vol. 23
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Evaluation of antibiotic prescriptions for sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in a Tertiary Hospital in North Sumatera, Indonesia

Ayodhia Pitaloka Pasaribu
1, 2
,
Beby Syofiani
1, 2
,
Fahmi Fahmi
3
,
Fauzan Azima Dalimunthe
4
,
Maulana Jamil Nasution
4
,
Syahril Pasaribu
1

1.
Department of Child Health, Medical Faculty, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
2.
Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
3.
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
4.
Medical Faculty, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2021; 23(3): 337–340
Online publish date: 2021/10/05
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Background
Neonatal sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The evaluation of antibiotic prescription in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is important for reducing inappropriate antibiotic use and minimizing the development of antibiotic resistance. Antimicrobial stewardship programs potentially promote a prudent use of antibiotics; however, the approach in NICUs is not yet optimal.

Objectives
The aim of our study was to evaluate antibiotic prescriptions for neonatal sepsis in a tertiary hospital in North Sumatera, Indonesia.

Material and methods
In our retrospective study, we collected data from medical records and enrolled 324 neonatal sepsis patients who received one or more antibiotics.

Results
Gentamycin and cefotaxime were the two most common antibiotics prescribed in the NICU (72.22% and 71.60%, respectively). However, high levels of resistance to gentamycin and cefotaxime were found among common pathogens circulating in the NICU (55.56% and 82.81%, respectively). Only 40.33% of the antibiotic prescriptions were appropriate: approximately 15.11% of the patients had received antibiotics with incorrect indications and 16.16% of the antibiotics had been administered without sufficient duration.

Conclusions
The appropriate use of antibiotic prescriptions in the NICU was low, which may lead to high mortality in neonatal sepsis patients. Continued evaluation of antibiotic usage by implementing antimicrobial stewardship programs in the NICU is important.

keywords:

anti-bacterial agents, neonatal sepsis, prescriptions

 
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