eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2021
vol. 38
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of active specialistic medical dressings in the treatment of decubitus

Michał Senejko
1
,
Jarosław Pasek
2
,
Sebastian Szajkowski
3
,
Grzegorz Cieślar
1
,
Aleksander Sieroń
2

1.
Department of Internal Medicine, Angiology and Physical Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
2.
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jan Długosz, Częstochowa, Poland
3.
Medical University of Mazovia, Warsaw, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2021; XXXVIII (1): 75-79
Online publish date: 2021/03/10
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Introduction
Treatment of decubitus ulcers is a grave medical problem. In many cases, it is difficult to cure a pressure ulcer, especially when it is deep and extensive, and prognosis is usually unfavourable. Treatment of decubitus ulcers requires new specialist dressings, which play an important role in the healing process. Aim: To evaluate therapeutic efficacy of active specialist medical dressings in the treatment of decubitus.

Material and methods
Research involved 40 patients – 18 (45%) women and 22 (55%) men, suffering from decubitus ulcers of different size and depth, localized in the sacral region, lasting from 1.5 to 30 months. Patients were randomly assigned to two research groups (20 people each), were treated for 4 weeks with 2 different specialist dressings. ATRAUMAN Ag, which contains silver ions, was used in the first group, while paraffin gauze of BACTIGRAS type was used in the second group. An assessment of pressure ulcers’ healing progress was done with a planimetric method, which evaluates the wound surface area.

Results
The analysis results showed a significant statistical decrease in an average decubitus ulcer surface area in both research groups: in the first group by 60.2% (p = 0.001), and in the second group by 32.95% (p < 0.001), which speaks in favour of dressings with silver ions as having better therapeutic effectiveness.

Conclusions
Using specialist dressings results in a significant decrease in the decubitus ulcer surface area, depending on the type of dressing and active substances contained within, while silver ions support curative effectiveness of the dressing used.

keywords:

decubitus, treatment, specialist local dressings, computerized planimetry

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